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APA Style Guide: Meetings, Symposia, etc.

This guide is designed to help students learn about APA style and cite sources for their research.

Quick Tips

Conference presentation:

Provide the names of the presenters in the author element of the reference.

Provide the full dates of the conference in the date element of the reference.

Describe the presentation in square brackets after the title. The description is flexible (e.g., “[Conference session],” “[Paper presentation],” “[Poster session],” “[Keynote address]”).

Provide the name of the conference or meeting and its location in the source element of the reference.

If video of the conference presentation is available, include a link at the end of the reference.

Meetings, Symposia, etc.

Contributions to meetings or symposia that have not been formallty published should still be included in a reference list as follows:

Example of Reference:

Atwood, M. (1993, December).  Silencing the scream. Boundaries of the Imagination Forum. [Symposium]. MLA 1993 Convention, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

If you are citing an informal lecture (for example, a lecture provided as part of a course you are taking), you should cite it within the text of your essay as you would a personal communication.  You do not need to include it in a reference list.

Example of In-Text Citation:

In her lecture on the future of nursing delivered at Cambrian College in Sudbury, Ontario on September 14, 2011, Theresa S. Carson, the Senior Advisor for Nursing at the Robert Wood Foundation, stated that ...

Nurses need to embrace new technology in order to be effective health care providers in the future (T. S. Carson, Lecture on the future of nursing, Cambrian College, Sudbury, Ontario, September 14, 2011).