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APA Style Guide: Format

This guide is designed to help students learn about APA style and cite sources for their research.

Quick Tips

*Always check with your instructors first to ensure that you are following their specific requirements for the formatting of a research paper.

Leave margins of one inch at the top, bottom, and on both sides of the text of the research paper.

On the title page, insert a running head in the upper left corner flush with the margin. The running head is a shortened form (50 characters or less, including spaces and punctuation) of the title of the research paper that appears at the top of every page. The words "Running head" are in upper and lower case letters, while the running head itself appears all in upper case letters. The words "Running head:" appear on the title page only, and not on subsequent pages. In the upper half of the title page, centre and double-space the title of the research paper, your name, and the name and location (if outside the U.S.) of the college or university you are attending.

Page numbers are placed in the upper right corner one inch from the top of the page. The title page is page 1 of the research paper. Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper, using arabic numerals.

The second page contains the abstract for the research paper. The word "Abstract" is centred at the top of the page two spaces below the running head. The abstract is double-spaced in block text format.

The third page contains the title of the research paper centred two spaces below the running head. Indent the first line of each new paragraph 1/2 inch and double-space the text of the research paper.

If a direct quotation consists of 40 or more words, it is displayed in a double-spaced block of text indented 1/2 inch from the left margin. Do not enclose the text in quotation marks. At the end of the quotation, provide the citation (author's name, date, and page number, if not already mentioned in the text) in parentheses after the final punctuation mark.

Title Page

1" margin
1" margin

Running head: EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION

1 1" margin

 

 

Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information

Jane R. Smith

Cambrian College, Sudbury, Ontario

Second Page

1" margin
1" margin

EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION

2 1" margin

Abstract

Age differences were examined in effective processing. In the context of a visual search task, young and older adults were faster to detect high arousal images...

Third and Subsequent Pages

1" margin
1" margin

EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION

3 1" margin
Indent first line 1/2 inch

Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information

Frequently, people encounter situations in their environment in which it is impossible to attend to all available stimuli...

Quotations of 40 Words or More

1" margin
1" margin

EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION

5 1" margin



Indent block text 1/2 inch

It has been noted that in comparison to young adults, older persons exhibit an overall detection advantage for emotional images compared with neutral images:

For older adults, all emotional categories of targets were detected more rapidly than were neutral targets, . . . and RTs to the different emotion categories of targets did not differ significantly from one another. Thus, these results provided some evidence that older adults may show a broader advantage for detection of any type of emotional information. (Leclerc & Kensinger, 2008, p. 213)

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