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APA Style Guide: Books

This guide is designed to help students learn about APA style and cite sources for their research.

Quick tips

Include all authors' names in the order that they appear on the title page (not in alphabetical order). Only the first initial is provided for any given names.

If you are referencing an entire book that has an editor (rather than an author), start the reference with the editor's name followed by the designation Ed. or Eds. in brackets.

If you are citing a chapter from a book, begin the reference with the author, date, and title of the chapter, then add the editor's name (preceded by the word "In") and the title of the book in italics. You should also include the page numbers for the chapter in brackets. This is followed by the publication information.

In general, only the first word of the title and subtitle are capitalized, with the exception of proper nouns. If not the first edition, the edition number is provided in brackets after the title.


Information required for a book reference includes:

  • Author(s) and/or editor(s)
  • Year of publication
  • Title and subtitle
  • Edition
  • Publisher
  • Page numbers for direct quotes from the author

Examples of References:

Electronic Book - Two or More Authors

Seneca College. (2022). Skoden: Teaching, talking, and sharing about and for reconciliation. Open Library.

One Author and Edition other than the First:

Carpenito-Moyet, L. J. (2010). Nursing diagnosis: Application to clinical practice (13th ed.). Lippincott.

Two or More Authors:

Benner, P., Tanner, C., & Chesla, C. (2009). Expertise in nursing practice: Caring, clinical judgment, and ethics (2nd ed.). Springer.


Sinclair, R., Hart, M. A., & Bruyère, G. (Eds.). (2009). Wicihitowin: Aboriginal social work in Canada. Fernwood.

Chapter from a Book:

Galván, A. (2012). Risky behavior in adolescence: The role of the developing brain. In V. F. Reyna, S. B. Chapman, M. R. Dougherty, & J. Confrey (Eds.), The adolescent brain: Learning, reasoning, and decision making (pp. 267-290). American Psychological Association.

Examples of In-Text Citations:

Parenthetical citations:
Indigenous art, teachings and history are now being shared using 21st century tools such as social media. (Seneca College, 2022).

A nurse's understanding and response to illness are not based on abstract concepts but rather on a knowledge of the patient's situation and clinical experience with other patients who have similar medical problems (Benner et al., 2009).


Narrative citations:
According to Carpenito-Moyet (2010), patients with rheumatoid arthritis reported that their fatigue was "related to joint pain" (p. 255).

According to Seneca College (2022), “A pretendian is someone who claims Indigenous identity without being able to back this claim up with connections to an Indigenous community” ("Pretendians", Chapter 10).
NB. this in-text citation, quote uses page title and chapter because the work does not have page numbers.

Galván (2012) states that dopamine is involved in several cognitive behaviours including "learning, reward sensitivity, addiction, decision making, motor skills, and plasticity" (p. 274).

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