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APA Style Guide: Technical/Government Reports

This guide is designed to help students learn about APA style and cite sources for their research.

Quick Tips

If there is no individual author for a report, you should list the company or organization responsible for the content as the corporate author. If the corporate author is a government department, begin with the name of the country, province, city, etc. Follow this with the name of the department and any subsidiary departments responsible for the work, e.g. Canada. Health Canada. First Nations and Inuit Health.

If the report has been assigned a number, provide the report number in parentheses after the title.

A technical report may not contain all of the information you require for a reference.  If there is no date of publication, use the abbreviation n.d. (for "no date"). If there is no city or location identified for the publisher, use the abbreviation N.p. (for "no place").

In many cases, the corporate author of the report is also the publisher. If so, substitute Author for the publisher's name in your reference.

Technical & Government Reports

Information required for a reference to a technical or government report includes:

  • Author or corporate author
  • Date of publication
  • Title
  • Report number
  • City or location of publisher
  • Publisher
  • URL (for an online report)

Examples of References:

BIOTECanada. (2011). Inflection point: Canadian life sciences industry forecast 2011. Toronto, ON: PricewaterhouseCoopers International.

Canada. Environment Canada. Mining and Processing Division. Mining Section. (2009). Environmental code of practice for metal mines (Report No. 1/MM/17). Gatineau, QC: Environment Canada.

Guèvremont, A. (2010, June). The early learning experiences of Métis children in Canada (Statistics Canada Catalogue No. 89-644-X). Retrieved from

Examples of In-Text Citations:

Traditonal activities (such as singing, drum dancing, or traditional ceremonies) are part of only a third of Métis children's daily activities (Guèvremont, 2010).

Twenty five percent of life sciences companies believe that it will take over five years for them to earn revenue (BIOTECanada, 2011).

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